Hi guys, welcome to Na Li Mandarin Class.
Today we are going to learn your first two measure words.
First of all, let's learn some drinks.
"pi2jiu3" "cheng2zhi1" "xi1gua1zhi1" In Chinese almost every noun requires a measure word when there is a number before the noun.
In English, most nouns don't require a measure word, like two apples, five cars, ten books.
However, in some situations, English do have measure words.
For example, if the object is contained inside a container, such as a cup, a bottle, the measure word is required to show the exact quantity.
After knowing this, let's start to learn our first measure word.
Let's see the drinks again.
They are all contained in cups.
Then how to say cup in Chinese? We say "bei1" "bei1".
Here "bei1" is our first measure word.
Now let's see how to use "bei1".
Two cups of coffee, we say, "liang3 bei1 ka1fei1".
Well, we don't say "er4 bei1 ka1fei1".
When the number two is followed by a measure word, we pronounce "liang3".
we don't pronounce "er4".
One cup of beer we say, "yi4 bei1 pi2jiu3".
Next, one cup of orange juice, we say "yi4 bei1 cheng2zhi1" "yi4 bei1 cheng2zhi1".
One cup of watermelon juice, we say "yi4 bei1 xi1gua1zhi1" "yi4 bei1 xi1gua1zhi1" Next let's learn some vegetables.
"qing1cai4" "xi1hong2shi4" Now let's see the measure word forvegetables.
We use "jin1".
We know kilogram is the standard unit of mass.
"jin1" is the Chinese customary unit.
Then the relationship between kilogram and "jin1" is 1 "jin1" equals 0.
Let's see how to use the measure word "jin1".
"yi4 jin1 qing1cai4" "liang3 jin1 xi1hong2shi4".