The Piri piri, also called the African Bird'sEye chile, the African Devil, or peri peri, with an "e," or pili pili, is a favorite chilein East Africa, and is also grown in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, and other parts ofAfrica.
They use this pepper to make super hot sauces that are bottled and used on allsorts of foods.
It's a cousin of the tabasco chile, and the Thai peppers, and came fromthe American continent, and must have been transported from America to Africa.
It isalso found in Portugal, and is a favorite there, and the Portuguese may have been responsiblefor bringing it to Africa, to Mozambique and Angola.
The name piri piri is Swahili for"pepper pepper.
" In Portugal, the name Piri Piri also refers to a sauce that is made fromthe peppers.
This small pepper and it's cousins are membersof a group of peppers called frutescens, but that are commonly called "bird peppers" or"wild bird peppers.
" These peppers are very hot, but various ratings have been given.
Many sources report 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville Heat Units, which makes sense, since that'sabout the same as a tabasco chile.
However, more commonly, a range of 50,000 to 175,000is given.
Being that the sauces made from it are sometimes called "Hell Sauce," thelatter rating is likely to be correct.
It is possible that many other similar pepperscould be confused for this pepper, however, since some of its relatives are also calledbird's eye peppers.